The analysis is out! It’s time to place this controversial subject to relaxation. Based mostly on the groundbreaking LEAP (Studying Early About Peanut Allergy) trial revealed in 2015, introducing peanut butter to your child at an early age could assist lower the danger of its allergy.
In this trial, 640 infants between the ages of 4-11 months and at excessive threat of peanut allergy had been randomized to both the peanut consumption group or avoidance group till 60 months of age. Upon the completion of the trial, the members had been examined to find out the presence of a peanut allergy. The outcomes confirmed that 17.2% of those that prevented peanuts examined constructive for the allergy. Alternatively, solely 3.2% of these uncovered to peanuts earlier than 60 months developed an allergy. So, introducing peanut butter to your child considerably decreased the event of peanut allergy symptoms in high-risk infants. (1)
When to Introduce Peanut Butter to a Child
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) not too long ago got here out with suggestions for the introduction of peanuts for peanut allergy prevention. Largely influenced by the LEAP trial, the suggestions are as follows:
- introduction between 4-6 months for high-risk infants,
- introduction round 6 months for gentle to moderate-risk infants, and
- introduction relying on household and cultural apply for infants at low threat for peanut allergy.
Threat evaluation is predicated on the presence of eczema and/or egg allergy. Infants with no eczema or any meals allergy are thought-about low-risk for peanut allergy. The advice consists of detailed steps for testing peanut reactions for high-risk infants, which you’ll be able to learn extra about in Methods to Assist Stop Peanut Allergy in Children. (2)
Developments in Peanut Allergy Therapy
In January of 2020, the FDA permitted a brand new peanut allergy therapy, Palforzia [Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Allergen Powder-dnfp]. It may be began with youngsters with a peanut allergy analysis who’re ages 4-17 years outdated. Whereas youngsters who’re utilizing this FDA-approved therapy should nonetheless keep away from peanuts, it may assist lower their reactivity to any unplanned publicity. As all the time, work along with your well being care group to pursue this sort of therapy.
What does this imply for fogeys?
Advancing expertise and science could reveal extra prospects throughout the future. So, hold an eye fixed out for any new developments, and you’ll want to work with a skilled allergist earlier than pursuing any of those choices upon FDA approval. As with every remedy, it’s necessary to judge the dangers and advantages to your little one and household. For security functions, keep away from making an attempt to desensitize your little one from allergens at house with out medical supervision.
What to think about earlier than introducing peanut butter to your child
In case your toddler is at high-risk for peanut allergy, seek the advice of your pediatrician to find out a secure plan of action previous to the introduction of peanut-containing meals. As a result of choking dangers, keep away from giving entire nuts to youngsters earlier than age 5. It’s additionally not really helpful to offer peanut butter straight from a spoon or in lumps earlier than age 4. So, proceed with warning. As an alternative, attempt crushing, mixing, mixing, and chopping nuts to an age-appropriate degree and take a look at the opposite choices beneath.
When introducing peanut butter to your child, be looking out for doable reactions. Gentle allergy signs could embrace a brand new rash or hives across the mouth or face. Extra extreme signs could include lip, face, and tongue swelling, widespread hives, issue respiration, repetitive coughing, change in pores and skin shade, and/or sudden tiredness. In case you suppose your little one is experiencing a extreme allergic response, search medical consideration/name 911 instantly. (3)
Straightforward Methods For Introducing Peanut Butter (4)
- Dilute 2 teaspoons of peanut butter with 2-3 teaspoons of sizzling water, system, or breast milk and funky earlier than serving.
- Combine 2 teaspoons of peanut butter into 2-3 tablespoons of pureed child meals.
- For older child take into account making your personal peanut butter teething biscuits.
In order for you another choice that doesn’t contain peanut butter, try peanut-containing child snacks like peanut puffs.
What are the important thing takeaways?
In case your toddler is at excessive threat for peanut allergy, AAP recommends an early introduction to peanuts. So, you’ll want to seek the advice of along with your medical supplier to find out a plan for introducing peanut butter to your child safely.
Whereas there might not be a remedy for peanut allergy symptoms, desensitization to a small amount of peanuts could also be doable. To not point out, it might assist put your thoughts relaxed when making an attempt completely different packaged meals, eating places, or whereas at social occasions. However, if you have already got a toddler with a peanut allergy, check out What if Peanuts Might Treatment Peanut Allergy symptoms?
Bio: Amy Chen, MS, RD, CDE is a registered dietitian within the San Francisco Bay Space. She enjoys writing, spending time together with her household, and discovering straightforward recipes.